The Sustainable Groundwater Management Act
(SGMA) of 2014 requires local and regional agencies to
develop and implement Groundwater Sustainability Plans (GSPs).
These plans are detailed roadmaps for how groundwater basins will
reach long-term sustainability to ensure these valuable resources
are available when we need them.
Livermore Valley Groundwater Basin
Groundwater from the Livermore Valley basin is used for
agricultural, municipal, industrial, domestic, and other supply
purposes. Supply wells are distributed throughout the basin with
the major municipal wells in the Main Basin.
Agricultural pumping has decreased significantly since 1974 when
imported surface water became available to many irrigation
customers. Municipal wells now account for most of the pumping.
Municipal pumping by retailers is contractually limited to a
groundwater pumping quota (GPQ).
Zone 7 pumps only groundwater that has been stored in the basin
as part of its artificial recharge program – which means we only
take out what we have put in. Zone 7 pumping is for municipal
purposes, salt management, demand peaks, and any shortage or
interruption in its surface water supply or treatment.
To keep track of basin conditions, we have the following
- Groundwater elevations
- Groundwater quality including salt, nitrate, boron, chromium,
- Land surface elevations
- Streams program – Streamflow
- Climatological program – Rainfall and evaporation
- Land use – Water usage and source of water (recycled water,
- Wastewater and recycled water use
- Mining area activities
Zone 7 uses the results of these monitoring programs to perform
the following management actions:
- Importing, artificially recharging, and banking surface water
to meet future demands (See our page on Banking for Non-Rainy Days)
- Maximizes the use of storage capacity of the groundwater
basin, including long-term implementation of the Chain of Lakes
Program (See )
- Managing groundwater pumping for sustainability
- Maintaining sustainable long-term groundwater storage volumes
with natural and imported supplies
- Promoting sound recycled water use
- Identifying and planning for future supply needs and demand
- Groundwater quality (PFAS, Toxics, Salt Management, Nutrient
Groundwater Management & Sustainability Plan
Through these and other programs (see links below), Zone 7 has
documented how it has sustainably managed the basin since the
- In 2005, the Agency adopted a Groundwater Management Plan
(GWMP), which documented ongoing policies and programs for
managing groundwater to support existing and beneficial uses in
the valley. This was amended in June 2015 with the adoption of
the Nutrient Management Plan. Zone 7 also prepares annual reports
(see links below) of the groundwater basin that summarizes the
basin conditions over the water year (from October to September).
- The sustainable Groundwater Management Act (2014) designated
Zone 7 Water Agency as the exclusive Groundwater Sustainability
Agency (GSA) for the Livermore Valley Groundwater Basin (DWR
Basin No. 2-10) and the Department of Water Resources (DWR)
designated the Livermore Valley Groundwater Basin as a
- Zone 7 submitted the 2016 Alternative Groundwater
Sustainability Plan (AGSP) for the basin to DWR, which was
approved in 2019. For more information, visit the DWR
Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) Portal website.
- DWR requires that AGSPs be updated every five years. In
December 2021, Zone 7 submitted the 2021 Update of the
alternative Groundwater Sustainability Plan in December 2021.
More details about the plan are available HERE.
links to groundwater management reports and documents
Groundwater Management and Geology Reports
Livermore Valley Groundwater Basin Annual Reports
Contact email@example.com for
previous annual reports of the basin.